The ICLEI Oceania small islands approach is based on our successful local government resilience-building programs, specially adapted to small island contexts. The Toolkit contains three streams: climate resilience, low emissions development, disaster risk reduction
- The process begins by considering the existing problems and priorities being faced by the island community. This may include major development priorities, provision of basic services, declining natural resources, recent disasters – it is a “Development First” approach.
- An analysis of climate change impacts and disaster risks, present and projected, is then applied to these priorities and problems.
- The analysis focuses initially on how to adapt to, or build greater resilience to, climate change and disasters, which may cover sectors such as water, food, transport, housing. Particular attention may be given to sustainable energy supplies.
- The various strands are combined into a Resilience Strategy and then integrated into the island development planning.
- Finally, assistance is provided to prioritize and assess options for action, to scope projects and identify financing options.
- This process may be followed step-by-step by a local authority which has done little previous planning, but may also be used to bring together the outcomes of earlier projects into a consolidated resilience plan. In this case the early steps would be fast-tracked.
- The Toolkit is supplemented by technical tools, programs and case studies available through the ICLEI international network